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Dandruff: These unattractive little white specks conquer the shoulders of jackets or the collars of blouses. They disrupt the lives of one in two people.
It is a medically trivial but socially significant condition. Not just because of the number of people affected, but also because of how this problem can impact their behaviour.
Today, we attach more and more importance to our appearance, to our ability to seduce. Dandruff can therefore have many repercussions for our well-being.
We are thinking mainly of the aesthetic consequences: dandruff on the shoulders. Dark clothes become very difficult to wear, as they reveal this scalp issue to everyone!
But they also cause intense and incessant itching of the scalp. It can also suggest a lack of cleanliness of the hair on a daily basis, even if you wash your hair every day.
Psychologically, getting rid of dandruff allows us to regain peace of mind and confidence. The desire of all sufferers of dandruff is to quickly regain beautiful, healthy, clean hair without any flakes.
So how do you get rid of dandruff?
To get rid of dandruff, we need to know how it forms. The process of dandruff appearance is made up of 4 stages:
An anti-dandruff shampoo must therefore target these four causes in order to respond effectively, rapidly and, above all, lastingly to this problem by:
The use of natural active ingredients in a gentle shampoo is very appealing for this purpose. They are very effective. But they are also respectful of the scalp which, due to its inflammatory state, needs to be treated gently.
Our relationship with our scalp has changed in recent years. We used to focus on the beauty of our hair and the result of products, but now we are more concerned about the health of our hair. And therefore, beyond the hair, the health of our scalp.
Consumers are concerned about the irritation that may be caused by the active ingredients in chemical shampoos (e.g. sulphates). So, they are looking for non-aggressive, natural and organic solutions that combine naturalness and sensory appeal. Both for their own well-being as for the respect and protection of the environment.
Natural solutions are now seen as more effective and less harmful than more chemical treatments. Users note that they often provide a longer period of effectiveness than more conventional solutions which are sometimes considered to be temporary.
For a treatment to be effective against dandruff, it must carry out 2 functions:
It is important to remove loose dandruff quickly. However, it is essential to treat the risk of recurrence at the same time.
After all, with recurrence, inflammation increases, as does the stress of seeing loose dandruff reappear. The scalp becomes more itchy, the Malassezia populations grow in large numbers. The excessive proliferation of this fungus, normally present in the microbial flora of the scalp, leads to the appearance of dandruff. This becomes a vicious cycle.
The scalp microbiome is an ecosystem unique to each individual. A healthy scalp depends on the balance between the different species of micro-organisms that live there.
An effective treatment must combine two complementary actions.
There are two types of dandruff with different causes and features: dry dandruff and oily dandruff.
To respond to the specific needs of each problem and to get rid of dandruff in the long term, two distinct solutions must be offered.
Dry dandruff appears on a dry scalp. Dry dandruff shampoo should have a moisturising base. This can be provided by vegetable glycerine, for example.
Oily dandruff, on the other hand, occurs on an oily scalp. Therefore, the base of a treatment shampoo formula should be lighter. Containing an active ingredient with a sebum-regulating action is very effective. It regulates excess sebum and rebalances the scalp.
In the formulas of natural anti-dandruff care, there therefore needs to be a combination of active ingredients with antifungal and soothing properties.
For example, the all-natural wild ginger extracts have proven to be effective as an antifungal agent. It is every bit as good as zinc pyrithione. The latter is the chemical compound traditionally used as an antifungal and antibacterial agent, and preservative, in the vast majority of dandruff treatments.
Wild ginger extract can be combined with the soothing properties of another natural ingredient, such as celery, for example. This natural extract reduces itching by preventing the production of agents that trigger the inflammatory reaction on contact with Malassezia. It helps to slow down shedding. And it strengthens the scalp barrier.
Celery extract also controls the scalp microbiome. It stabilises the scalp ecosystem by regulating the growth of some of its bacteria, which could be called " bad ", such as Malassezia.
By combining these natural active ingredients with other agents, an anti-dandruff shampoo can offer a long-lasting purifying action and thus limit the risk of recurrence. It brings cellular renewal back to a normal pace and thus makes the removal of dead cells invisible. The result is clear: the scalp is cleansed and the hair becomes soft and shiny once again.
It is only by acting over the long term that a treatment can claim the real anti-dandruff effectiveness of its active ingredients.
Tip 1: Use styling products that aren’t too aggressive.
Tip 2: Choose styling gels that are silicone-free and contain little alcohol.
Tip 3: Do not wash your hair with water that is too hot.
Tip 4: Avoid going to bed with wet hair, as this can lead to the growth of yeast.